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United States inoronga sei kunaka uye kuchengetedzeka kwechikafu chemumagaba?

Iyo US Chikafu neDrug Administration (FDA) ine basa rekugadzira, kuburitsa uye kugadzirisa mirairo yehunyanzvi ine chekuita nemhando uye kuchengetedzeka kwechikafu chemumagaba muUnited States.The United States Federal Regulations 21CFR Chikamu 113 inoronga kugadzirisa kwepasi-asidhi yezvokudya zvemugaba uye maitiro ekudzora zviratidzo zvakasiyana-siyana (zvakadai sekuita kwemvura, PH kukosha, sterilization index, nezvimwewo) mukugadzirwa kwezvigadzirwa zvemagaba.21 mhando dzemichero yemumagaba, senge maapurosi emumagaba, maapricots emumagaba, mabheri emumagaba, cherries yemumagaba, nezvimwewo, zvinodzorwa muchikamu chega chega cheChikamu 145 cheFederal Regulations 21CFR.Chinodiwa chikuru kudzivirira kuparara kwechikafu, uye marudzi ese ezvigadzirwa zvemumagaba zvinofanirwa kupiswa zvisati zvavharwa kana kuvharwa.Pamusoro pezvo, iyo yasara mirau ine chekuita nemhando yemhando yezvigadzirwa, zvinosanganisira zvigadzirwa zvemhando yezvigadzirwa, zvinoshandisika zvekuzadza midhiya, zvingasarudzika (zvinosanganisira zvekuwedzera chikafu, zvinovaka muviri, nezvimwewo), pamwe nekunyorwa kwechigadzirwa uye zvinovaka muviri zvinodiwa.Pamusoro pezvo, huwandu hwekuzadza kwechigadzirwa uye kutsunga kwekuti batch yezvigadzirwa inokodzera zvinotarwa, ndiko kuti, sampling, kuongororwa zvisina tsarukano uye maitiro ekumisikidzwa kwechigadzirwa anotsanangurwa.United States ine mirairo yehunyanzvi pamusoro pemhando uye kuchengetedzeka kwemiriwo yemumagaba muChikamu 155 che2CFR, inosanganisira gumi mhando dzebhinzi dzemumagaba, chibage chemumagaba, chibage chisiri chinotapira, uye pizi dzemumagaba.Pamusoro pekuda kurapwa kwekupisa kusati kwagadzirwa kana mushure mekugadzirwa kwekuiswa chisimbiso, mimwe mirairo inonyanya kuenderana nemhando yechigadzirwa, kusanganisira chigadzirwa chemhando yemhando uye zvinodiwa zvemhando, kusarudzwa kwechigadzirwa, zvingasarudzika zvinosanganisa (kusanganisira zvimwe zvinowedzera), uye mhando dze canning media, pamwe chete nezvinodiwa chaizvo zvekunyorwa kwechigadzirwa uye zvichemo, nezvimwewo. Chikamu 161 che21CFR muUnited States chinogadzirisa kunaka uye kuchengetedzeka kwezvimwe zvigadzirwa zvemumvura zvemumagaba, zvinosanganisira oyster yemumagaba, chinook salmon yemumagaba, shrimp yemumagaba yakanyorova uye yemumagaba. tuna.Mitemo yehunyanzvi inoburitsa pachena kuti chigadzirwa chemumagaba chinoda kugadziriswa nemafuta chisati chavharwa nekuiswa mupakiti kudzivirira kuparara.Uye zvakare, iwo mapoka ezvigadzirwa zvemhando yezvigadzirwa zvinotsanangurwa zvakajeka, pamwe nemhando dzechigadzirwa, kuzadza mudziyo, mafomu ekurongedza, kushandiswa kwekuwedzera, pamwe nemazita uye zvichemo, zvigadzirwa zvekufanirwa kutonga, nezvimwe.


Nguva yekutumira: Chivabvu-09-2022